Having two in-ground worm farms has seen my veggie patch improve in leaps and bounds. Because of this looking after my worms is a priority. They don’t ask for too much really – providing them with food is all the maintenance I need to do. When I first got my worm farms, my idea of how much worms would eat wasn’t realistic.
I thought I would throw in a mountain of scraps and they would plow their way through it! Little did I know that they needed to grow and build up their numbers so small amounts of food was required at this initial stage. Once that amount of food was gone, I would add a little bit more.
I did have some idea of what to feed them. After they had a worm workshop, the kids came home from school and told me all about what worms liked to eat. Citrus and onion were only to be given in small amounts. They liked most other fruit and veggie scraps.
Chopping up these scraps into small pieces helps the worms as well. Worms don’t have teeth to help them chew food. I have been laughed at by a friend when he asked what I was doing after seeing me chopping up the veggie scraps. I like to keep my hard worm workers happy so if it means chopping up the veggie scraps then so be it. I haven’t yet pulled out the food processor to whizz up the scraps but who knows maybe one day.
However, it isn’t necessary to chop up the scraps either. I have also thrown in the scraps as is but I will try to make sure the pieces aren’t too big.
Ripped mushroom paper bags, coffee grounds and crushed eggshells also go into my worm farm. If you can get cow or horse poo they will also like that. I have put horse poo in there once when I was putting some into my veggie patch. I have read that if the animals have been given anti-worming medication not to use their poo in a worm farm.
Just like us, shelter from the elements and having a comfortable home will keep worms happy. My worm farm has a lid to stop the rain from getting in. Because of this you will need to check that the worm farm doesn’t get too dry. I found in the beginning I would have to spray the hose in there every now and then. But as the worms numbers increase and more scraps are able to be put in the bucket, I have found I haven’t had to do this. The worm farm stays moist without extra water.
I have noticed on sunny days the worms go to ground. They aren’t visible when I check on them. I guess it is too warm for them topside! If you have a worm farm that isn’t in-ground, put this in a space that doesn’t get too hot.
Finally, observing your worms will give your an idea of their happiness level. If the food you are giving them is getting eaten and you can see their numbers building then all is well in the worm world.
How do you keep your worms happy? Please feel free to share in the comments below.